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China's Xi cheers African leaders with pledge of $60 billion for development

OWON: China moving big into Africa with new friendly-appearing tactics. More wins on the Global Chess Board and Check (No I'm NOT Your Mate) is coming.

China's President Xi Jinping (L) shakes hands with Zimbabwe's President (R) Robert Mugabe while South Africa's President Jacob Zuma looks on during a Forum on China-Africa Cooperation in Sandton, Johannesburg, December 4, 2015.

China's Xi cheers African leaders with pledge of $60 billion for development

By Joe Brock
and Stella Mapenzauswa
4 December 2015

Chinese President Xi Jinping told African leaders on Friday his country would pump $60 billion into development projects, cancel some debt and boost agriculture under a three-year plan that will extend Beijing's influence in the continent.

Xi said China would not interfere in African countries' internal affairs, a stance that drew applause from leaders such as Zimbabwe's Robert Mugabe who have faced Western criticism of their human rights record.

But China too has irked some Africans in the past for using Chinese firms and labor to build state-funded roads and railways in Africa while buying up commodities and leaving little for local economies, an image Xi is keen to change during a two-day conference in South Africa that ends on Saturday.

"To ensure the successful implementation of these 10 cooperation plans, China has decided to provide a total of $60 billion of funding support," Xi told the summit of the Forum on China-Africa Cooperation.

Despite its own slowing economy, Xi said China would step up investment in factories manufacturing goods for export in Africa, in addition to building roads, ports and railways on a continent long seen as a major commodities source for China.

South African President Jacob Zuma, co-chair along with Xi of the summit, said African countries needed Chinese help to process their abundant natural resources, which he said had made the continent vulnerable to exploitation in the past.

"That way what is buried in the belly of the soil will translate into benefit for the bellies of our citizens."

Commenting on Xi's plans, Standard Bank China analyst Jeremy Stevens said: "I think it’s significant in the sense that it confirms China’s longstanding agenda on the continent ... despite the economic difficulties (in China)."

China is Africa's largest trading partner and the trade volume between them amounted to $220 billion in 2014, according to China state news agency Xinhua.

However, Chinese direct investment in Africa fell some 40 percent in the first half of 2015 to $1.19 billion, China’s commerce ministry said last month, due to declining global prices of the commodities the continent produces.

"(The) slide in trade between China and Africa is not due to falling demand but falling resource prices. I don't think we need to panic about fluctuations in trade volumes," China's special representative on African Affairs Zhong Jianhua said.


One Western diplomat struck a skeptical note about Xi's announcement, saying: "It is difficult to tell what the deals involve beyond the headlines. Most of it is loans but it's not clear if these are old or new deals."

Chinese influence is broadly seen by Africans as a healthy counterbalance to the West, though Western governments accuse China of turning a blind eye to conflicts and rights abuses as they pursue trade and aid policies there.

Sticking to that Chinese tradition of non-interference in local politics, Xi said: "China strongly believes Africa belongs to the African people and African problems should be handled by the African people."

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