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Negotiators analyze 'final draft' of climate pact in Paris

OWON: Politicians getting one right at last?


The slogan "CLIMATESIGN" is projected on the Eiffel Tower as part of the COP21, United Nations Climate Change Conference in Paris, France, Friday, Dec. 11, 2015


Negotiators analyze 'final draft' of climate pact in Paris


Mail Online
By Associated Press
12 December 2015

LE BOURGET, France (AP) — France presented negotiators from 190 nations with what it called a "final draft" of an unprecedented climate deal to slow global warming and urged them to approve it on Saturday. The deal, called the "Paris agreement," would limit rising temperatures and sea levels, and eventually hold man-made emissions to the levels that nature can absorb.

If the pact is approved, nations would be committed to keeping the rise in global temperatures by the year 2100 compared with pre-industrial times "well below" 2 degrees Celsius (3.6 degrees Fahrenheit) and "endeavor to limit" them even more, to 1.5 degrees Celsius. That was a key demand of poor countries ravaged by the effects of climate change and rising sea levels.

They would also be committed to limiting the amount of greenhouse gas emitted by human activity to the same levels that trees, soil and oceans can absorb naturally, beginning at some point between 2050 and 2100.

Negotiators had a few hours to analyze the draft before going into a plenary meeting for possible adoption. French President Francois Hollande, who joined the meeting Saturday to add weight to the negotiations, urged them to adopt it.

"The decisive agreement for the planet is here and now," Hollande said. "France calls upon you to adopt the first universal agreement on climate."

The new version removed disputed concepts like "climate neutrality" or "emissions neutrality" which had appeared in earlier drafts but met opposition from countries including China. It sets a goal of getting global greenhouse gas emissions to start falling "as soon as possible"; they have been generally rising since the industrial revolution.

It says wealthy nations should continue to provide financial support for poor nations to cope with climate change but doesn't say how much. It also includes a section on "loss and damage," an issue pushed by small island nations and other vulnerable countries who want help to recover from climate change disasters and rising sea levels.

But the draft appears also to meet a key demand from the Obama administration that it not include language that would need approval from the Republican-led U.S. Congress requiring rich countries to pay poor countries hurt by climate change. The document specifies that it "does not involve or provide any basis for any liability or compensation" for countries that are damaged by climate change.

Activists who say the agreement won't go far enough held protests across Paris on Saturday, calling attention to populations threatened by melting glaciers, rising seas and expanding deserts.

"This puts the fossil fuel industry on the wrong side of history," said Kumi Naidoo of Greenpeace. He said the goal of net-zero greenhouse gas emissions is not enough for people on front lines of climate change. "This deal alone won't dig us out of the hole we're in."

Some of the delegates had pushed for the pact to limit warming even more. Already, the world has warmed by about 1 degree Celsius since pre-industrial times, and poor low-lying nations have pushed to set a goal of limiting the rise to another half-degree on top of that.

Ben Strauss, a sea level researcher at Climate Central, said limiting warming to 1.5 degrees instead of 2 degrees could potentially cut in half the projected 280 million people whose houses will eventually be submerged by rising seas.

Still, if the 190 nations gathered in Paris agree to the accord, it would be a breakthrough. The U.N. has been working for more than two decades to persuade governments to work together to reduce the man-made emissions that scientists say are warming the planet.

This accord is the first time all countries are expected to pitch in. The previous emissions treaty, the 1997 Kyoto Protocol, included only rich countries and the U.S. never signed on. The last climate summit, in Copenhagen in 2009, ended in failure when countries couldn't agree on a binding emissions pact.

U.N. Secretary General Ban Ki Moon urged delegates to adopt the draft.

"We must protect the planet that sustains us," Ban told the negotiators. "We need all our hands on deck."

The talks were initially scheduled to end Friday. U.N. climate conferences often run over time, because of the high stakes and widely differing demands and economic concerns of countries as diverse as the United States and tiny Pacific island nations.

More than 180 countries presented plans to cut or curb greenhouse gas emissions in the run-up to the conference. That was a major breakthrough for the climate talks, showing almost all countries were ready to be part of the new deal after years of stalemate.

But disputes arose in Paris over how to anchor those targets in a binding international pact, with China and other major developing countries insisting on different rules for rich and poor nations.

The U.S. resisted legally binding emissions targets, instead pressing for robust transparency rules to make sure countries live up to their commitments. China pushed back, saying Western proposals were too "intrusive."

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1 comment :

  1. In distributing Judge Anna Von Reitz' letter of Dec 10 2015, some questions arose asking what 'anu-hotep' means below her name? Anna has kindly responded:

    "It means "House of God".

    I am of the House of God. The Pope knows what it means. I have knowledge and authority to back up every word I have written about the science and technology that we have available.

    So he and those with him have a choice: they can repent and receive the help needed to get out of the mess they've created for themselves and others, or.....

    And in any event, there will be no scapegoats. The "tares" among the wheat will not be allowed to pass off their sins on others any more. Their scheme to enslave and tax and feed off of Mankind based on both the legitimate climate issues and the science hoaxes they have additionally drummed up won't be allowed.
    They and their minions created all these problems and they responsible. Nobody else.

    The Day of Reckoning will fall on them as it did in the days of Noah if they don't stop this criminality they have fostered, stop lying, stop stealing.

    The quote from the Psalm says it all concerning what they are plotting in Paris.

    And Francis knows this and has now been reminded."

    This is the letter....


    Most Beloved Francis:

    This is to make explicit what to you is already at least partially known:

    1. We have the technology to control and moderate both the short and long term carbon cycles on this planet;

    2. We have the technology to control and seal the cascade nuclear reactions in Japan and can prevent similar disasters in the Marshal Islands and elsewhere;

    3. We have the means to quiet and forestall earthquakes on a planetary basis;

    4. No sin of Mankind is beyond forgiveness and repair, so long as that sin is recognized for what it is and repented;

    5. It is this item (4) that is of immediate concern;

    6. There can be no misuse of the current environmental problems as an excuse to promote or prolong any further enslavement or taxation of Mankind;

    7. There are among your members at the Paris Summit and even among those advising you at the Vatican --- we hesitate to call them "people"--- who see the deplorable destruction they have caused to the planet as yet another excuse to control others and impose unjust taxation upon the innocent;

    8. This must not be allowed;

    9. You are called upon to mediate a just settlement and there is no justice in blaming and charging innocent people for these sins;

    10. You have been told that there will be no scapegoats. Take it to heart.

    "It is time for you to act, O, Lord, for they have regarded your law as void." --- Psalm 119:126.

    Anna Maria
    anu-hotep



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